Flowers and plants
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People probably have grown plants in pots to decorate their house and
surrounding. Also plants for therapeutic purpose and plants for use in the
kitchen were put in pots. The art of pruning in a special shape is
developed in China about 2000 year ago. This art of growing plants in pots
they called Penjin. From the year 700 AC China influenced Japan in
many ways. Also Penjing came in Japan as Bonsai to an own development.
After 1500 Bonsai in Japan became a real art. Bonsai means tree in a pot.
Important is the process of growing and living.
Many species of trees, shrubs and conifers are suitable for creating a Bonsai. Also ordinary trees or young plants from the woods can be used. Look for plants which look like old , bended or strange. Also you can create a group of young trees to give the image of a wood. Hanging or crawling species can be used to create a cascade.
There are many styles in Bonsai. Bonsai usually have a front side (face) and a back. Some styles:
We look also tot the shape of the root, the shape of the leaves and stems or crown shape, how many stems, the composition, the size and so on (this summary is no complete).
Pruning is a very important activity. We can prune the roots and
branches. We prune to create the shape we want and to keep the Bonsai
small. We also use metal wire to wire around branches. This is essential
to bend the branches in a specific direction.
Last update of this page 23.05.2004